This motorway section with a length of 2.6 km is part of the Regionen Ring. The ring will form
an outer circle around the city of Vienna at the eastern and northern side, and is scheduled to
be completed by 2018. In the southeast area, it connects to the S 1/A 4 junction and further
crosses the Danube River, the New Danube and the Lobau Port by means of a 2.3 km long tunnel
that consists of two separate tubes. Originally, the project also included two connecting tunnels
to the A 22 (Donauufer Motorway).
A 410 m long section of the tunnel will have to be built using the cut and cover method. This will
require a building pit with a depth of up to 22 m. The bottom of the building pit will be situated
20 m below the groundwater level.
For each side of the track, two lanes and an emergency lane are planned. Therefore, tunnels with
diameters of 15 m are necessary.
In this project, BGG Consult was commissioned with the geological, hydrogeological, geotechnical
and hydrological consultation. The services were provided in the project phases such as the
preliminary design study, the building permit application, and the environmental impact assessment.
During the preliminary design study, numerous alternative routes of tunnels and bridges were evaluated.
Since the tunnels cross a nature reserve, a significant public interest was generated. This required
that special attention had to be given to the public presentations.
Based on the results of a subsoil exploration campaign, expert's reports regarding the geology,
hydrogeology, geotechnics and hydrology of the project were compiled. These reports were essential
for the environmental impact assessment procedure.
Crossing of Danube River:
Along the route below the water bodies, an overburden of 32 m exists. The material consists of gravel,
with a depth of up to 14 m below the surface, followed by miocene sand and silty clay. To a large extent,
the overburden is solely made up of water permeable soil. Therefore, special attention has to be given
to the groundwater situation.
Consequently, the tunnel has to be excavated using a tunnel-boring machine (TBM). Presently an excavation
incorporating a slurry shield or an earth pressure balance shield is considered. Employing this technique
should make these difficult subsoil conditions controllable.